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Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Aug 07, 2018 12:49 pm
Frankfurt School

The Frankfurt School, known more appropriately as Critical Theory, is a philosophical and sociological movement spread across many universities around the world. It was originally located at the Institute for Social Research (Institut für Sozialforschung), an attached institute at the Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany. The Institute was founded in 1923 thanks to a donation by Felix Weil with the aim of developing Marxist studies in Germany. After 1933, the Nazis forced its closure, and the Institute was moved to the United States where it found hospitality at Columbia University in New York City.

The academic influence of the critical method is far reaching. Some of the key issues and philosophical preoccupations of the School involve the critique of modernity and capitalist society, the definition of social emancipation, as well as the detection of the pathologies of society. Critical Theory provides a specific interpretation of Marxist philosophy with regards to some of its central economic and political notions like commodification, reification, fetishization and critique of mass culture.

Critical Theory

Critical Theory has a narrow and a broad meaning in philosophy and in the history of the social sciences. “Critical Theory” in the narrow sense designates several generations of German philosophers and social theorists in the Western European Marxist tradition known as the Frankfurt School. According to these theorists, a “critical” theory may be distinguished from a “traditional” theory according to a specific practical purpose: a theory is critical to the extent that it seeks human “emancipation from slavery”, acts as a “liberating … influence”, and works “to create a world which satisfies the needs and powers” of human beings (Horkheimer 1972, 246). Because such theories aim to explain and transform all the circumstances that enslave human beings, many “critical theories” in the broader sense have been developed. They have emerged in connection with the many social movements that identify varied dimensions of the domination of human beings in modern societies. In both the broad and the narrow senses, however, a critical theory provides the descriptive and normative bases for social inquiry aimed at decreasing domination and increasing freedom in all their forms.

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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Aug 07, 2018 1:13 pm
What is the Historical and Philosophical Background of critical theory?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 2:46 pm
jengjeng wrote:What is the Historical and Philosophical Background of critical theory?

Philosophical Background

the first originated in sociology and the second originated in literary criticism, whereby it is used and applied as an umbrella term that can describe a theory founded upon critique; thus, the theorist Max Horkheimer described a theory as critical insofar as it seeks "to liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them"
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 3:00 pm
What is the point of critical theory?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 3:04 pm
What is the Frankfurt School theory?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 3:05 pm
What is a critical theory framework?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 3:06 pm
Critical Theory has a narrow and a broad meaning in philosophy and in the history of the social sciences. “Critical Theory” in the narrow sense designates several generations of German philosophers and social theorists in the Western European Marxist tradition known as the Frankfurt School. According to these theorists, a “critical” theory may be distinguished from a “traditional” theory according to a specific practical purpose: a theory is critical to the extent that it seeks human “emancipation from slavery”, acts as a “liberating … influence”, and works “to create a world which satisfies the needs and powers” of human beings (Horkheimer 1972, 246). Because such theories aim to explain and transform all the circumstances that enslave human beings, many “critical theories” in the broader sense have been developed. They have emerged in connection with the many social movements that identify varied dimensions of the domination of human beings in modern societies. In both the broad and the narrow senses, however, a critical theory provides the descriptive and normative bases for social inquiry aimed at decreasing domination and increasing freedom in all their forms.
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Wed Aug 29, 2018 3:12 pm
ellaelaeh wrote:What is the Frankfurt School theory?
refers to a collection of scholars known for developing critical theory and popularizing the dialectical method of learning by interrogating society's contradictions, and is most closely associated with the work of Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, and Herbert Marcuse.
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Mon Sep 03, 2018 6:55 pm
I'm having a hard time understanding the definition. In your own words, what is Critical Theory and Frankfurt School?
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Framework

on Mon Sep 03, 2018 9:32 pm
What is the framework of Critical theory
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Mon Sep 03, 2018 9:33 pm
How does this 2 works? in simplier temrs.
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Retain

on Mon Sep 03, 2018 9:35 pm
How come that it is only a theory? Who or what oppose this theory to become a law?
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Relationship

on Mon Sep 03, 2018 9:36 pm
What is the relationship of frankfurt school and critical theory?
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Is the Frankfurt School still prevailing up to this date?

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 12:00 am
Since it bloomed in the early 20th century prior to modernism, I wonder if this movement is still prevailing today in the contemporary period.
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 1:19 am
What are the implications of these on our society?
Galos.jayson113
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 6:45 am
Can you explain more about Critical Theory?
esthervictorio12
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critical theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:02 pm
how do you pronounce "Institut für Sozialforschung"?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:04 pm
How do you pronounce "Institut für Sozialforschung"?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:05 pm
how can you say if a certain theory is traditional or critical?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:08 pm
Is frankfurt school supposed to develop critical theories? Or are they giving status to theories?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:10 pm
How would you define freedom? Is there an extent of it?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 7:12 pm
how would you know if a theory "emancipates slavery"?
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 8:13 pm
What is the difference of critical theory to the other theories we already know?
Crislyn10
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 8:15 pm
Could you give another example of critical theory for clearer understanding?
Crislyn10
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Re: Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

on Tue Sep 04, 2018 8:15 pm
Could you give another example of critical theory for clearer understanding?
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